Perpetual Motion:

The earliest references to perpetual motion machines date back to 1150, by an Indian mathematician-astronomer, Bhāskara II. He described a wheel that he claimed would run forever.

Villard de Honnecourt in 1235 described, in a thirty-three page manuscript, a perpetual motion machine of the second kind. His idea was based on changing torque of a series of weights around the rim of a wheel.

Johann Bessler
(also known as Orffyreus) created a series of perpetual motion machines in the 18th Century. In the 19th century, the invention of perpetual motion machines became an obsession for many scientists. Many machines were designed based on electricity, but none of them lived up to their promises. Another early prospector in this field was John Gamgee. Gamgee developed the Zeromotor, a perpetual motion machine of the second kind. Perpetual motion machines of the second kind operate by extracting energy at some point in their cycle, use it for work, yet have everything return to an original state unchanged at the end of the cycle.

Scientists worked in vain through the 20th century devising and honing new approaches to the mystery of perpetual motion, but it was not until July of 2004 that a significant scientific breakthrough (Hydrostatic Electromagnetic Transference) was made which took the dream of perpetual motion and made it into a reality. The date of July 9th 2005 will be remembered as the day that modern electronic perpetual motion was born. On that day, in a small laboratory on the outskirts of Sepulveda, California, Dr. Takalyer Kaash and Professor Ivana Bilcque first successfully perfected and demonstrated a prototype of the H.E.T. Generator. On May 3rd, 2007 the Xaoh H.E.T. Generator became the first electronic perpetual motion machine to ever be mass-produced for the public use, it will truly go on to change the world.

To view more recent developments on breakthroughs in power generation though perpetual motion see:

Extracting Electromagnetic Energy from the Vacuum

Energy from the Vacuum - Concepts & Principles

Thane Heins´ "Perepiteia" generator which turns magnetic friction into a magnetic boost, causing the motor to accelerate in a positive feedback loop.

Motionless Electromagnetic Generator - Why it Works, The Simple Explanation

Multivalued Magnetic Scalar Potential: Master Overunity Mechanisms

Steorn Ltd., a company that has built a motor using only permanent magnets.

A video promoting Steorn

perpetual motion